The first step to help stop or slow down the progression of dental disease is to perform a scale and polish under general anaesthesia. With advanced dental disease, there may be teeth that need to be extracted. Problems usually start with the build-up of plaque on the teeth, which is a soft yellow deposit made up of bacteria, food particles and gum cells. Plaque eventually hardens to form tartar, which if not removed can lead to gingivitis – painful inflammation of the gums.
The bacterial infection eventually works its way up into the support structures of the teeth, the root starts to rot and the tooth becomes loose (Periodontitis). Bacteria can enter the blood stream at this stage making your pet very sick.
To help avoid your pet needing further anaesthetics and expensive dental work in the future, you can try the following ideas for dental health:
Some common signs that your pet may have dental disease include:
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